September 12, 2011

Sicilian Defense

[*See all lessons: Chess Openings for Beginners]
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This page will help you learn the Sicilian Defense chess opening. Find data, description, main lines and variations of the Sicilian in part I. See video under the name of "Sicilian Defense Main Variations" in part II. Find more links on this chess opening in part III.

Part I. Sicilian Defense Data and Description

Opening Name: Sicilian Defense
Opening Type: Semi-Open Game
Move Order: 1.e4 c5
ECO Codes: B20-B99

The Sicilian Defense was invented by Giulio Polerio in 1594. This chess opening was first named as Sicilian Defense by Jacob Sarratt in 1813. The Sicilian Defense is the most popular chess opening in chess. It is organic, beautiful, and best defense for Black.

Because of this, sometimes White avoids the Sicilian Defense by starting the game with 1.d4... There are 3 main lines that cover 70% of all the Sicilian play as follows. 1st Line: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 ~ 30%. 2nd Line: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 ~ 25%. 3rd Line: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 ~ 15%.

The Sicilian Defense has many variations. The Najdorf, Dragon and Scheveningen are the most common. They run via 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6. The following is the list of 15 main Sicilian variations - in the order of popularity. You can see these variations in the video below.

• Najdorf variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6, B90-B99.
• Dragon variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6, B70-B79.
• Scheveningen variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6, B80-B89.

• Rossolimo Attack variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, B30-B31.
• Classical variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Be2, B58-B59.
• 2.Nf3 e6 variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6, B40-B49.

• Sicilian Counter-Attack variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bb4, B40.
• Closed variation [3.g3]: 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3, B24-B25.
• Grand Prix Attack variation [3.f4]: 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4, B23.

• Alapin variation: 1.e4 c5 2.c3, B22.
• Smith-Morra Gambit variation: 1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.c3, B21.
• Grand Prix Attack variation [2.f4]: 1.e4 c5 2.f4, B21.

• Steinitz variation: 1.e4 c5 2.g3, B20.
• Keres variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Ne2, B20.
• Wing Gambit variation: 1.e4 c5 2.b4, B20.

Part II. Sicilian Defense Video Main Variations

This video on the Sicilian Defense includes 3 parts. Part I is a general description of the Sicilian Defense. Part II shows 3 main lines of playing the opening. Part III shows 15 main variations of the Sicilian. To see the video, click the Play button below:




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Part III. Sicilian Defense More Links

More links on the Sicilian Defense chess opening will be placed here as soon as possible. They will show how to correctly play the main variations of the Sicilian Defense. Thank you for you patience!

Sicilian Defense Najdorf Variation [text, video]
Sicilian Najdorf PGN File [pgn download]
Sicilian Defense Dragon Variation [text, video]
Sicilian Defense Scheveningen Variation [text, video]

September 5, 2011

French Defense | Tarrasch Variation 3.Nd2

[*See all lessons: Chess Openings for Beginners]
[>>Return to the French Defense Main Page]

Designed for chess beginners, this is to give initial knowledge on the Tarrasch variation of the French Defense chess opening. The Tarrasch variation 3.Nd2 of the French Defense is popular enough. It is the 2nd most common variation of the French, after its main line 3.Nc3.

The Tarrasch variation of the French starts with 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2... It is ECO codes C03-C09. At the beginning, White makes slight delay to support the center with his knight from d2. The 2nd White knight may also temporary land on e2. Later, the knights usually jump aside.

The Tarrasch variation of the French is a delicate opening with good chances for the both parties. The typical White moves are: e5, c3, Bd3, Nd2-Nb3, Ne2-Nf3. The typical Black moves: c5, Nf6, Bd6 or Be7, later Nc6. Usually, White and Black castle kingside.

Black tries to undermine the White pawn structure... The Tarrasch has 4 main lines according to the Black answers: • 3... Nf6 ~ 40%; • 3... c5 ~ 30%; • 3... dxe4 ~ 10%; • 3... Be7 ~ 5%. The most popular line: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.c3 c5 6.Bd3 Nc6...

To see in a visible way the Tarrasch variation of the French Defense and to learn how to correctly play its 4 proven lines, you are recommended the following video. This video must give you a proper understanding of the Tarrasch variation of the French:




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Thank you for your interest in learning chess openings!