March 30, 2011

French Defense

[*See all lessons: Chess Openings for Beginners]
[*See all Open Game chess openings: Open Games - One by One]

Designed for chess beginners, this is the main page of the French Defense on this chess opening blog. Find data and general description of the French Defense in part I, the "French Defense: General Information" video in part II, and more links to this opening in part III.

I. French Defense: Data and Description

Opening Name: French Defense
Opening Type: Semi-Open Game
Moves Order: 1.e4 e6
ECO Codes: C00-C19

After the Sicilian, the French Defense is the 2nd most popular semi-open game. It was named after an 1834 correspondence match between London and Paris. During it, a French chess player insisted to try 1... e6. White usually presses on kingside and Black on queenside.

The next is the answering statistics to the French Defense:
• 2.d4 ~ 80%. • 2.d3 ~ 10%.
• other moves ~ 10% (2.Nf3, 2.Nc3, 2.Qe2, 2.b3, 2.c4, ..).

The following is 5 main (most common) variations of the French Defense:
• French Defense, Exchange variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 - C01.
• French Defense, Advance variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 - C02.

• French Defense, Tarrasch variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 - C03.
• French Defense, Paulsen variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 - C10.
• French Defense, Winawer (Nimzovich) variation: 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 - C15.

To see the French Defense in a visible way, please find the video below.

II. French Defense Video: General Information

The video will show the designated moves of the French Defense, ECO codes, general description, answering statistics, 5 most common variations, and the most common line. The video consists of 4 parts and runs 3 minutes 16 seconds. To see it, click the Play button below:




• If the opening video hasn't shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.
• If the video displays an error, try to start and play it later.

III. French Defense: More Links

More links on this chess opening will follow on. And they will show how to correctly play the main variations of the French Defense... Thank you!

French Defense, Exchange Variation [text, video]
French Defense, Advance Variation [text, video]
French Defense, Main Line 3.Nc3 or Paulsen Variation [text, video]
French Defense, Tarrasch Variation 3.Nd2 [text, video]