June 7, 2010

Ruy Lopez: Main Variations

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Today we will see the main variations of the Ruy Lopez chess opening. This Ruy Lopez lesson also includes Video 3 on the topic. You can find Video 3 at the bottom of this page. To see all material on the Ruy Lopez, you can click the "Ruy Lopez" link at the top. Welcome!

The Ruy Lopez opening has 184 variations. Today you will learn the names and designated moves of 14 main variations. You are recommended to read below the main variations of the Ruy Lopez in writing. Then, you can learn the main variations by seeing Video 3 at the bottom.

The list of the main variations of the Ruy Lopez follows:
• The Morphy Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6
• The Closed variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7

• The Exchange variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6
• The Open variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4
Note: The Open (Tarrasch) Defence variation is the full name.

• The Marshall Counter-Attack variation:
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5
• The Closed, anti-Marshall 8.a4 variation:
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.a4

• The Berlin Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6
• The Berlin Defense, 4.O-O variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O
• The Old Steinitz Defence variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6

• The Classical (Cordel) Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5
• The Schliemann Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5
• The Cozio Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7

• The Bird's Defence variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nd4
• The Fianchetto [Smyslov/Barnes] Defense variation: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 g6.
Note: The variations are shown approximately in the order of play popularity.

Video 3 "Ruy Lopez: Main Variations" is located below. This video must help you learn the main variations of the Ruy Lopez in a simple and visible way. To see the video on the Ruy Lopez main variations, just click the Play button below:




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