November 13, 2009

Petroff Defense

[*See: Chess Openings for Beginners - All Lessons]

This chess lesson is designed for chess beginners to learn the Petroff Defense chess opening. The lesson holds 3 chess videos: Video 1 Petroff Defense - General Information, Video 2 Petroff Defense - How to Play, and Video 3 Petroff Defense Trap.

Video 1 is located on this page; Videos 2-3 on separated pages. Find the links to Videos 2-3 on this page below. The lesson is also the textual description to read and the .PGN file to learn chess games played on Petroff Defense in the year 2009 at the chess master level.

By composition, the lesson is divided into 3 parts:
I. Petroff Defense: Data and Variations
II. Petroff Defense Videos: See a Picture, How to Play, and 1 Trap
III. Petroff Defense PGN File: Download and Learn Real Games


I. Petroff Defense: Data and Variations

Opening Type: Open Game
Move Order: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6
ECO Codes: C42 - C43

Petroff Defense: General Description

This chess opening is named after the first recognized Russian chess master Alexander Petroff (Petrov). Alexander Petroff (1794-1867) is also a famous world chess composer. In Russia, this opening is called Russian Game. It is also spelled as Petrov, Petrov's, Petroff, or Petroff's Defense.

The Petroff Defense opening is recognizable, respected, and a popular Open Game at the chess master level. It is being played at the top level chess. The main feature of Petroff Defense follows: Instead of defending the e5 pawn, Black counter-attacks at the very beginning to take the initiative.

Petroff Defense may transpose into Four Knights Game, Bishop's Opening, and into some others. For chess beginners, it is important to learn 1 trap which is possible at the very beginning of this opening (see video 2). The best White moves to answer Petroff Defense are the following 3:

(1) 3.Nxe5 (common today appr. for 60%), (2) 3.d4 (common today appr. for 20%), and (3) 3.Nc3 (common today appr. for 15%). Officially, Petroff Defense has 28 variations. As today, the most common 6-8 variations are being played for appr. 90% of all games on Petroff Defense.


II. Petroff Defense Videos: See a Picture, How to Play, and 1 Trap

To see and understand a general picture on this chess opening, you are recommended to see Video 1: Petroff Defense - General Information. To learn the Petroff Defense chess opening in a visible way, click the Play button below:




• If the opening video hasn't shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.

To see Video 2: Petroff Defense - How to Play, click this link:
See Video 2: Petroff Defense - How to Play
Note: You can find Video 2 at the bottom of the page open.

To see Video 3: Petroff Defense Trap, click this link:
See Video 3: Petroff Defense Trap
Note: You can find Video 3 at the bottom of the page open.


III. Petroff Defense PGN File: Download and Learn Real Games

Find below the Petroff-Defense.pgn file to download and see how it works in real games at the chess master level. To read the file, you will need a PGN Viewer Program. See Lesson 16, which explains you how to download a decent freeware PGN Viewer Program.

The Petroff-Defense.pgn file was compiled in the following way:

• The file includes 3 main variations and displays how to correctly play them.
• Also, the file includes 16 chess games played on Petroff Defense in 2009.
• The chess games were selected randomly, all FIDE players rated 2389-2751.

• All the names of the chess players were removed.
• The game results and tournament names were removed as well.
• The games are shown from the beginning to the end of the opening phase.

• At this point, the positions were analyzed by a computer program.
• You will see the result of the program's analysis, like this...
• "If White finds a best line ..., White will be better at 0.24 pawns."

• The computer program's analysis will help you:
• To analyze who was better at playing the opening.
• To understand how to correctly enter the middle game...

To see how Petroff Defense works in real games at the chess master level, click the following link:

Download the Petroff-Defense.pgn File (9 KB)

You've learned Petroff Defense, and Ponziani Opening is the next chess opening to learn...