September 24, 2009

King's Gambit - Video 3

Lines of King's Gambit (continued): Video 3 will show you how to play the next 2 variations: 1. KGA: King's Knight's Gambit, Fischer Defense (1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Nf3 d6); and 2. KGA: King's Knight's Gambit, Abbazia (Modern) Defense (1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Nf3 d5).

The video will also show how to respond if the Black Queen attack at the very beginning of the game. At the bottom of this page, you can find the above 2 variations of King's Gambit in writing. To see Video 3: King's Gambit - How to Play - Part II, click the Play button below:




• If the opening video has not shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.


See in writing the King's Gambit variations, which were shown in Video 3:

• KGA: King's Knight's Gambit, Fischer Defense
1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Nf3 d6 4.d4 g5 5.h4 g4 6.Ng1 Bh6 7.Nc3 Nc6 8.Qd3 Nf6 9.Nge2 d5

• KGA: King's Knight's Gambit, Abbazia (Modern) Defense
1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Nf3 d5 4.ed Nf6 5.Bb5+ c6 6.dc Nxc6 7.d4 Bd6 8.Qe2+ Be6 9.Ng5! 0-0 10.Nxe6 fe 11.0-0 Qc7

To return to the Main Page of King's Gambit, click the following link:
King's Gambit - Main Page


You can see more on chess by following these links:
Learn Bishop's Opening
Chess Videos

September 21, 2009

King's Gambit

[*See: Chess Openings for Beginners - All Lessons]

The lesson is designed for chess beginners to learn King's Gambit. It includes 3 chess videos (Video 1: King's Gambit - Main Variations | Video 2: King's Gambit - How to Play Part I | Video 3: King's Gambit - How to Play Part II), the textual part to read, and the .PGN file to download and learn real games of chess masters on King's Gambit for the year 2009.

The lesson is divided into the following 3 parts:
I. King's Gambit: Data and Variations
II. King's Gambit: How to Play the Main Lines
III. King's Gambit: Download the .PGN File to Analyze Real Games


I. King's Gambit: Data and Variations

King's Gambit Move Order: 1.e4 e5 2.f4
ECO Codes: C30-C39

About King's Gambit:

King's Gambit is one of the oldest chess openings. King's Gambit belongs to the Open Game openings. It was the most popular one for long time long ago. Today, King's Gambit is being played at the chess master level but not so often. It is usually recommended for Black to accept King's Gambit. Black may get good equal position...

The opening's idea is to divert the Black pawn e5 from the center, open the f-file, and seize the center by moving d2-d4. King's Gambit has at least 125 subvariations, of these the most common 10-15. Today's tendency is to play King's Gambit "more positionally." It is recommended for beginners to learn King's Gambit at first turn...

King's Gambit Main Variations:

Top-level Variations:
• King's Gambit Declined: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 (other than ef)
• King's Gambit Accepted: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef

Some Other Variations:
Note: KGD - King's Gambit Declined.
Note: KGA - King's Gambit Accepted.
Note: KKG - King's Knight's Gambit.

• KGD, Classical Variation: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5
• KGD, Falkbeer Counter-Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5
• KGA, King's Bishop's Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Bc4
• KGA, King's Knight's Gambit: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Nf3

To learn King's Gambit and its main variations, see Video 1: King's Gambit - Main Variations by clicking the Play button below:




• If the opening video has not shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.


II. King's Gambit: How to Play the Main Lines

The main lines of King's Gambit. Video 2 will show how to play the next variations: 1. KGD: Classical Variation (C30: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 (Bc5)); 2. KGD: Falkbeer Counter-Gambit, 5.de (C32: 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.ed e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.de); and 3. KGA: King's Bishop's Gambit (C33: 1.e4 e5 2. f4 ef (3.Bc4)). To see Video 2: King's Gambit - How to Play - Part I click the Play button below:




• If the opening video has not shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.


See in writing the King's Gambit variations, which were shown in Video 2:

• KGD: Classical Variation
1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d6 4.c3 Nf6 5.fe de 6.Nxe5 Qe7 7.d4 Bd6 8.Nf3 Nxe4 9.Be2 0-0 10.0-0 c5 11.Bc3

• KGD: Falkbeer Counter-Gambit, 5.de
1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.ed e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.de Nxe4 6.Nf3 Bc5 7.Qe2 Bf5 8.Nc3 Qe7 9.Be3 Bxe3 10.Qxe3

• KGA: King's Bishop's Gambit
1.e4 e5 2.f4 ef 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nc3 c6 5.Bb3 d5 6.ed cd 7.d4 Bd6 8.Nge2 0-0 9.0-0 g5

Video 3: King's Gambit - How to Play Part II is located on a separate page. To open the page, click the next link below:
See Video 3: King's Gambit - How to Play Part 2


III. King's Gambit: Download the .PGN File to Learn Real Games

Below you can find and download the Kings-gambit.pgn file to see how King's Gambit works in real games at the chess master level. To read the file, you will need a PGN Viewer Program. See Lesson 16, which will explain you how to download a decent freeware PGN Viewer Program. Before downloading the file, please read how the file was compiled and what you will see within it.

The Kings-Gambit.pgn file was specially created in the following way:

• The file includes main variations and displays how to correctly play some of them.
• In addition, the file includes 32 real games played in 2009 on King's Gambit.
• The real games were selected randomly, all players are FIDE rated 2015-2635.

• All the names of the chess players and their ratings were removed.
• The game results and tournament names were removed as well.
• The real games are shown from the beginning to the end of opening phase only.

• At this point, the opening positions were analyzed by a computer program.
• You will see the result of the program's analysis, like this...
• "If White finds a best line ..., White will be better at 1.02 pawns."

• The computer program's analysis will help you:
• To analyze each chess opening position.
• To understand how to correctly enter the middle game...

To learn how Kin'g Gambit works in real games, click the following link:
Download the Kings-Gambit.pgn File (17 KB)


Next chess opening will be Latvian Gambit. The lesson on King's Gambit is completed...

You can see more on chess by following these links:
Learn Bishop's Opening
Chess Videos

September 14, 2009

Bishop's Opening

[*See: Chess Openings for Beginners - All Lessons]

The lesson is designed for chess beginners to learn Bishop's Opening. It includes 2 chess videos (Video 1: Bishop's Opening - Main Variations | Video 2: Bishop's Opening - How to Play), the textual part to read, and the .PGN file to download and analyze real games on Bishop's Opening.

It is divided into the following 3 parts:
I. Bishop's Opening: Data and Variations
II. Bishop's Opening: How to Play the Main Lines
III. Bishop's Opening: Download the .PGN File to Analyze Real Games


I. Bishop's Opening: Data and Variations

Bishop's Opening Move Order: 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4
ECO Codes: C23-C24

About Bishop's Opening:

Bishop's Opening belongs to the Open Game openings. Bishop's Opening is one of the oldest openings in chess. It was a favorite one of Francois Andre Philidor. Not so common today, it is being used by the chess masters as a surprise. Bishop's Opening is usually a fierce struggle from the very beginning.

The main feature of Bishop's Opening is its flexibility and "changebility": It may easily transpose into other chess openings, such as: Vienna Game, Petrov's Defense, King's Gambit, Two Knights Defense, Italian Game. Black may get good equal position. Bishop's Opening has no more than 20 variations...

Bishop's Opening Main Variations:
• Berlin Defense: 1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Nf6 (most common for 70-80%)
• Classical Defense ("Boi Variation"): 1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Bc5 (less common)
• Other Variations (2. ... c6; 2. ... Nc6; 2. ... d6; others)

To learn Bishop's Opening and its main variations, see Video 1: Bishop's Opening - Main Variations by clicking the Play button below:




• If the opening video has not shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.



II. Bishop's Opening: How to Play the Main Lines

You should know the main lines of Bishop's Opening. To learn them, use Video 2: Bishop's Opening - How to Play; which is below. Just next below the video, you can find the main lines also in writing. To see Video 2: Bishop's Opening - How to Play, click the Play button below:




• If the opening video has not shown up, please wait a little.
• If the video stops, drag a little right the player's handle.


The following is a few recommendations how to learn the main lines of any chess opening. The main lines are best opening moves for White and Black. Try to avoid mechanical memorizing. Use the chess board. Analyze how both sides apply 3 main opening strategies and main opening rules. Learn the main lines to develop the feeling of correctly playing a chess opening.

See the main lines of Bishop's Opening in writing:

Line 1 (Bishop's Opening, Berlin Defense, The Main Line 3.d3)
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d3 c6 4.Nf3 d5 5.ed cd 6.Bb3 Bb4+ 7.c3 Bd6 8.Bg5 Be6 9.0-0 0-0 10.Nbd2 Nbd7

Line 2 (Bishop's Opening, Berlin Defense, Urusov Gambit Accepted 3.d4 ed 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.Qxd4)
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.d4 ed 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.Qxd4 Nf6 6.Bg5 Be7 7.Nc3 Nc6 8.Qh4 d6 9.0-0-0 Be6

Line 3 (Bishop's Opening, Berlin Defense, Greco Gambit 3.f4)
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.f4 Nxe4 4.d3 Nd6 5.Bb3 e4 6.de Nxe4 7.Bxf7+ Kxf7 8.Qd5+ Ke8 9.Qxe4+ Qe7

Line 4 (Bishop's Opening, Classical Defense, Philidor Variation 3.c3)
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 Nf6 4.d4 ed 5.cd d5!


III. Bishop's Opening: Download the .PGN File to See Real Games

Below you can find and download the Bishops-Opening.pgn file to see how this chess opening works in real games. To read the file, you will need a PGN Viewer Program. See Lesson 16, which will explain you how to download a decent freeware PGN Viewer Program. Before downloading the file, please read how it was compiled and what you will see within the file.

The Bishop's-Opening.pgn file was specially created in the following way:

• The file includes main variations and displays how to correctly play the main lines.
• In addition, the file includes 24 real games played in 2008-2009 on Bishop's Opening.
• The real games were selected randomly, all players are FIDE rated 2017-2684.

• All the names of the chess players and their ratings were removed.
• The game results and tournament names were removed as well.
• The real games are shown from the beginning to the end of opening phase only.

• At this point, the opening positions were analyzed by a computer program.
• You will see the result of the program's analysis, like this...
• "If White finds this best line ..., White will be better at 0.55 pawns."

• The computer program's analysis will help you:
• To analyze each chess opening position.
• To understand how to correctly enter the middle game...

To learn how Bishop's Opening works in real games, click the following link:
Download the Bishops-Opening.pgn File (15 KB)


The lesson on Bishop's Opening is completed... Find more chess links below:
Famous Chess Games
Stalemate Yourself in Chess?

September 9, 2009

About Openings | Rules and Tips | How to Learn

[*See: Chess Openings for Beginners - All Lessons]

Next lesson we will go directly to learning the main chess openings and their main variations. The first one will be Bishop's Opening... But before this, it should be useful for you to have more statistics, information, rules, and tips on chess openings - all in one place. This will help you know more on chess openings and choose which method is the best for you to learn...

Lesson 21 consists of the following 2 parts:
I. About Openings
II. How to Learn
This is to give you a general picture on chess openings and some practical advices...


I. About Openings

• Learning chess opening is one of the most difficult topics in chess.
• More than 50% of all chess books are dedicated to learning chess openings.
• For the winning probability, it does matter which color you play the game.
• The recorded games of chess masters show the following average probability for all openings: White Won-38%, Black Won-30%, Draw-32%.

• Without the drawing results, the average game winning probability is: White Won-56%, Black Won-44%.
• It is so because White begins the game. Moving first, White has more chances to be first in developing, getting the center, providing the King safety, and preparing attack.
• Each chess opening has its own winning probability. The winning probability of Bishop's Opening is White Won-41%, Black Won-29%, Draw-30%; that of Sicilian Defense is White Won-37%, Black Won-34%, Draw-29%.

• Some of the most successful openings for White are: Queen's Gambit, Ruy Lopez, Bishop's Opening, Benko Opening, Vienna Game, Centre Game, English Opening, Scotch Game.
• Some of the most successful openings for Black are: Sicilian Defence, Nimzo Indian, Alekhine Defence.
• Some of the most drawing chess openings are: Bogo-Indian Defence, Petrov Defence, Nimzo Indian, Four Knight's Defence, Grunfeld Defence, Reti Opening.

• The most common chess openings are: Sicilian Defense, Ruy Lopez, Italian Game, French Defense, Caro-Kann Defense, Pirc Defense, Queen's Gambit, Indian Defenses, English Opening, Reti Opening.
• Each chess opening has its own popularity. The most popular chess opening is Sicilian Defense, and its popularity is around 17% of all the games played.
• All Open Game openings have the popularity of around 11% of all the games played.
• There are few types of chess opening classifications.

• The simplest and unofficial one is the following division: - Open Games (1.e4 e5); - Semi-Open Games (1.e4 other); -Closed Games (1.other other).
• The second and official is the following one: - Open Games or Double King Pawn (1.e4 e5); - Semi-Open Games or Single King Pawn (1.e4 other); - Closed Games or Double Queen Pawn (1.d4 d5); - Semi-Closed Games or Single Queen Pawn (1.d4 other); - Flank openings (1.c4, 1.Nf3, 1.f4, and some others); - Openings with unusual first moves for White.

• The third and official one is the ECO Code classification. Read more on this Lesson 17: What are ECO Codes?
• The ECO Code classification is usually used by chess experts and professionals.
How many chess openings are there in chess? The answer depends on what you mean by that question...
• If you mean all possible variations to begin the game, without any names, it is exactly 500 chess openings as defined by the ECO Code classification: A00-A99, B00-B99, C00-C99, D00-D99, E00-E99.

• If you mean chess openings by their names, it is around 100-110 depending on how to count.
• And if you mean the chess openings which are really used in practical chess game, the number in this case is around 60.
• Chess opening is like building foundation. The better foundation, the stronger building.
• But having won the chess opening does not mean winning the chess game.

• Many chess schools teach the beginner the chess endgame first, the chess opening last.
• It is impossible to remember all chess opening variations in full.
• But it is very important to know the Chess Opening Rules and Tips.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Playing chess opening, always try to follow 3 main strategies: Development, Control of the Center, King Safety.

• A Chess Opening Tip: At the same time, try to prevent your opponent from following the same 3 main opening strategies.
• A Chess Opening Rule: If your opponent breaks any of 3 main opening strategies or an opening variation (line), you may too.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Develop first your minor pieces (the minor pieces are the Knights and Bishops).
• A Chess Opening Tip: Many chess experts advise to develop Knights before Bishops because Knights are the only short-range pieces.

• A Chess Opening Tip: Try to move the minor pieces to a best place in one move.
• A Chess Opening Tip: Good squares for Knight development are c3, f3, c6, f6.
• A Chess Opening Tip: Good squares for White Bishop development are e2, d3, c4, f4.
• A Chess Opening Tip: A chess piece may stay at the initial position and be developed if its line is open.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Complete your development before moving a piece twice or starting an attack.

• A Chess Opening Tip: You may move the piece twice or starting the attack if the piece is being attacked or your opponent made a blunder.
• A Chess Opening Tip: There are 2 ways to Control the Center: by placing your pawn(s) into it or by attacking the Center by your pieces. Try to use the both methods.
• A Chess Opening Tip: The best way to provide King Safety is to make the Castling Move.
• A Chess Opening Tip: At the same time, try to deprive your opponent of making the Castling Move.

• A Chess Opening Rule: Do not bring the Queen out too early. At the beginning, the Queen brought out may be attacked and you will loose in developing.
• A Chess Opening Tip: You may bring the Queen out early if it is a designated move of a chess opening, if your opponent does not know what is Scholar's Mate, and if your opponent made a blunder.
• A Chess Opening Rule: At a later stage of a chess opening, develop your Queen too.
• A Chess Opening Tip: A developing square for your Queen is very important. The best developing squares for White Queen are c2, d2, e2, b3.

• A Chess Opening Rule: Do not run for the pawn material at the chess opening phase.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Playing a chess opening, think about your pawn structure. Avoid isolated, doubled pawns, avoid many pawn islands too.
• A Chess Opening Rule: At a later stage of a chess opening, there should be no any pieces between your Rooks.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Consider the chess opening phase successfully finished when you develop all minor pieces, control the center, provide safety to the King, and there are no any pieces between your Rooks.

• A Chess Opening Tip: It may happens that you have already finished the opening phase and entered into the middle game, while your opponent is still at the middle of the opening phase.
• A Chess Opening Rule: Always connect the chess opening phase with the middle game, preparing plan for the middle game which is based upon the current position.
• A Chess Opening Tip: Estimate the current position taking into account the following: the material, the Kings' positions, the pawn islands, how good are your Bishops and your opponent's, who controls open lines, position specification (week squares, bad pieces, etc).

• A Chess Opening Tip: If your opponent's King position is weak, you may plan to attack the opponent's King.
• A Chess Opening Tip: If you have more material, you may plan to exchange your chess pieces and go directly to the endgame.
• A Chess Opening Tip: If you have less material, you may plan to take an initiative and complicate the position.
• A Chess Opening Tip: If you see that your opponent's pieces are better, you may plan to echange your bad chess pieces for those good of your opponent.

• A Chess Opening Rule: If you encounter an unexpected move or novelty from your opponent in a chess opening, play as your common sense tells you.
• A Chess Opening Tip: If your opponent is strong at playing chess openings, you may try to mislead your opponent by simply changing the designated move order of the opening.
• A Chess Opening Tip: Roughly, take the opening in simple as the first 10 moves of the game. But be informed that there are opening variations (lines) with 20 or even 30 designated moves.


II. How to Learn

• First of all, you are recommended to learn the designated moves and initial positions of 30-35 chess openings to recognize. To learn them, you can use this ebook Lesson 8: Download Chess Opening Puzzle eBook.
• Learning a chess opening, you must know its main variations, main correct lines of play for White and Black, and make a short database of real games on this opening.
• Use the database of real games to learn how it works in real because the correct lines of play are often broke down in the real games.

• All chess experts recommend to begin learning openings with the Open Games.
• The Open Games are more understandable for chess beginners than other types.
• First limit your chess opening repertoire with 1-2 openings for White, and 1-2 for Black.
• At the beginning, try to learn the "most open" Open Game openings like King's Gambit, Two Knight's Defense, Italian Game.

• By doing this, you will develop your combination skills and understand the opening basics.
• It is important to choose your chess opening repertoire according to your play style.
• There are many examples when chess players improved their results by simply changing the chess opening repertoire with another openings which were according to their play style.
• You may choose a chess opening by simply asking yourself you like this opening or not.

• All chess experts recommend not to learn opening variations (lines) by simply mechanical memorizing.
• To learn, you should memorize the opening variations (lines) by replaying on the chess board, analyzing the typical positions, the piece developing squares, understanding the main idea of the opening, etc.
• Learning chess opening take into account how good your memory is. If your memory is good you may go deeper, if not so good try to remember the opening variation by the main positions.

• Many chess players create their own chess opening database on computer, some use notebook writing, some use card index database.
• In the chess opening database, you should have not only the correct opening variations (lines) but also sample chess games on the same variations.
• To replay the sample chess games, the top-level chess players use shareware computer programs.
• For the same purpose, you may use a decent freeware computer program. How to download the program, see at Lesson 16: Download PGN Viewer Program.

• To find more chess games, you may use the method which was highlighted in
Lesson 19: Download .PGN Files to Learn Openings.
• Good way to learn chess openings is to read, learn, and study chess opening books.
• You may also find many useful materials to learn chess openings via Internet sources.
• Some chess players recommend to test a chess opening by playing against a computer program.

• In this case, you should pay attention to how the program is programmed to answer each your move.
• But real test for the chess opening is your playing chess games with enough time control.
• You should carefully analyze your recorded games on your opening mistakes.
• Once you feel yourself better within the chess opening environment, you may include more openings into your chess opening repertoire.

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